This is National Public Health Week, and today’s theme is “Creating a Healthy Workplace”.
Data from the National Safety Council indicates that deaths from unintentional work injuries declined 90% from 1933 to 1997. But, the American Public Health Association says, “Workers still get hurt and injured on the job, and often such injuries and deaths are completely preventable.”
Statistics cited by the Association show that more than 4,600 U.S. workers died in 2011 as the result of an injury on the job. Research also showed an increase in the number of fatal work injuries among Hispanic workers and an 18% jump in the number of deaths among all workers ages 20 to 24.
Additional data show an annual occurrence of more than 572,000 violent crimes in the workplace, including more than 500 homicides.
Chronic conditions related to musculoskeletal disorders make up about one-third of all work-related injury and illness cases, and the cost of obesity among full-time employees tops $73 billion a year, including the total value of lost productivity and medical costs.
The APHA encourages workers to understand and follow all workplace safety regulations and best practices, and to go beyond the Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards. The Association also encourages employers to educate workers about safety regulations and to train employees to recognize unsafe or unhealthy settings.
See below for more workplace safety suggestions. National Public Health Week continues through April 7.
Creating a Healthy Workplace
Thanks to workers’ rights and public health movements, workplaces have become dramatically safer places during the last century: According to the National Safety Council, deaths from unintentional work injuries declined 90 percent from 1933 to 1997. However, workers still get hurt and injured on the job and oftentimes such injuries — and deaths — are completely preventable. No one should have to unnecessarily risk his or her life or health to make a living.
Additionally, more and more research is showing that investing in workplace wellness programs do reap positive impacts on workers’ health and pocketbooks. Such wellness efforts also help employers contain health care costs. It’s as simple as this: Prevention makes good business sense.
Did You Know?
- In 2011, more than 4,600 workers died in the United States due to an injury on the job.
- While fatal work injuries declined for white workers in 2011, such injuries rose among Hispanic workers by 3 percent. Fatal work injuries also rose among workers ages 20 to 24 by 18 percent.
- In 2009, about 572,000 violent crimes, such as rape, robbery and assault, happened against people ages 16 and older while they were at work. Also in 2009, more than 500 people were victims of homicide while at work.
- In 2011, musculoskeletal disorders made up 33 percent of all work-related injury and illness cases.
- The cost of obesity among full-time employees tops $73 billion, which includes the total value of lost productivity and medical costs.
- Research finds that medical costs fall by about $3.27 for every dollar invested in workplace wellness programs.
What Public Health Teaches Us
Employers start small…
- Understand and follow all workplace safety regulations and best practices. Don’t stop at doing the minimum — go beyond Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards.
- Educate employees about workplace safety regulations and train employees to recognize unsafe or unhealthy settings. Depending on your workforce, make sure safety training is available in multiple languages.
- Create a work environment in which workers feel comfortable reporting unsafe work conditions or workplace abuse.
- Provide the required equipment to keep workers safe, such as respiratory gear and hard hats.
- Hold your subcontractors accountable for implementing safety standards and trainings.
- Put in place mechanisms for recognizing and addressing the potential for workplace violence.
- Even our homes can be workplaces. If you employ domestic workers, such as health care aides, nannies or house cleaners, learn what it means to be a responsible employer.
- Practice fire safety drills and prepare your workplace for an unexpected emergency or disaster.
- Take simple steps to create workplace wellness, such as posting hand-washing reminders, catering meetings with healthy foods or organizing workplace walking groups. Reach out to your local public health department — they can help. Also, if you provide employer-based health insurance, consider certain financial incentives that can improve health, such as incentivizing employees to quit using tobacco.
- Wear all personal protective equipment required or recommended for your job.
- Participate in workplace safety trainings and take advantage of workplace wellness efforts, such as flu shot clinics or exercise programs.
- Use your rights to advocate for safe and healthy workplaces — your voice can make all the difference for the workers that come after you.
- Make your support for investments in workplace health and safety known and cite the dramatic progress that equitable public health policies have brought to all workplaces. Write a letter to the editor to your local newspaper or write to your policymakers.
- Invite local policymakers and others to a community roundtable to discuss injury prevention and wellness in the workplace and follow up with specific actions.
- Assist local businesses in preparing for the changes coming via the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The health reform law contains many new changes and opportunities for both employee and employer.